North and South Carolina History
Formed as a Proprietary Colony, covering the area from the Roanoke to Savannah Rivers, “Carolina” received overflow settlers from Virginia as well as immigrants from overseas. Highland Scots came to people the Cape Fear River basin, while Moravians came by the Philadelphia Wagon Road from Pennsylvania to settle the Wachovia Tract on the Yadkin River.
German-speaking Swiss peopled the Orangeburgh - Saxe Gotha area in SC, while French-speaking Swiss settled along the Savannah River at Purysburg. Quakers from the northern colonies brought their faith southward, and established prominent Meetings in both Carolinas, as well as in Georgia. Baptist “exhorters” helped found many churches throughout the area, as did the Presbyterians.